Syrian Arab Republic Facts and History

Discover the wonders of Syrian Arab Republic!

National Flag of Syrian Arab Republic

Interesting facts about Syrian Arab Republic

  • Official Name: Al-Jumhūriyyah al-ʿArabiyyah al-Sūriyyah (Syrian Arab Republic)
  • Form of Government: unitary multiparty republic with one legislative house (People’s Assembly [250])
  • President: Bashar al-Assad
  • Prime Minister: Hussein Arnous
  • GDP: 40.41 billion USD (2007)
  • Capital: Damascus
  • Population: 17.07 million (2019)
  • Official Languages: Arabic
  • Currency: Syrian pound
  • Timezone: GMT+3
  • Area: 185,180 km²
  • Dialing Code: +963
  • Major Mountain Ranges: Anti-Lebanon Mountains,Jabal al-Druze,Jebel Bishri
  • Major Rivers: Euphrates,Orontes,Khabur,Sajur
  • Continent: Asia
  • Border Countries: Syria is bounded by Turkey to the north, by Iraq to the east and southeast, by Jordan to the south, and by Lebanon and Israel to the southwest.

Map of Syrian Arab Republic

National Symbols of Syrian Arab Republic

  • National Bird: northern bald ibis
  • National Anthem: “Ḥumāt ad-Diyār”
  • National Animal: Syrian Brown Bear
  • National Flower: jasmine
  • National Poet: Qabbani
  • National Game: football