Portugal Facts and History

Discover the wonders of Portugal!

Flag of Portugal
National Flag of Portugal

Interesting facts about Portugal

  • Official Name: República Portuguesa (Portuguese Republic)
  • Form of Government: republic with one legislative house (Assembly of the Republic [230])
  • President: Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
  • Prime Minister: António Costa
  • GDP: 238.8 billion USD (2019)
  • Capital: Lisbon
  • Population: 10.28 million (2019)
  • Official Languages: Portuguese
  • Currency: Euro
  • Timezone: GMT+1
  • Area: 92,212 km²
  • Dialing Code: +351
  • Major Mountain Ranges: Larouco,São Bento,Taloeiros,Lombada Grande
  • Major Rivers: Tagus,Douro,Guadiana,Minho
  • Continent: Europe
  • Border Countries: Portugal on the western coast of the Iberian peninsula and the archipelagos of Madeira and the Azores in the Atlantic Ocean. The most western European state is only bordered by one other country, Spain. Additionally, Portugal shares a maritime border with Morocco.

Map of Portugal

National Symbols of Portugal

  • National Bird: Barcelos Rooster
  • National Anthem: “A Portuguesa”
  • National Animal: Iberian Wolf
  • National Flower: Lavender
  • National Poet: Luís Vaz de Camões
  • National Game: Football