Philippines Facts and History

Discover the wonders of Philippines!

Flag of the Philippines
National Flag of Philippines

Interesting facts about Philippines

  • Official Name: Republika ng Pilipinas (Filipino); Republic of the Philippines (English)
  • Form of Government: unitary republic with two legislative houses (Senate [24]; House of Representatives [291])
  • President: Rodrigo Duterte
  • Prime Minister: Pedro Paterno
  • GDP: 376.8 billion USD (2019)
  • Capital: Manila
  • Population: 108.1 million (2019)
  • Official Languages: Filipino
  • Currency: Philippine peso
  • Timezone: GMT+8
  • Area: 300,000 km²
  • Dialing Code: +63
  • Major Mountain Ranges: Caraballo,Cordillera Central,Diwata Mountains
  • Major Rivers: Hinatuan Enchanted,Puerto Princesa Underground,Loboc River,Davao River
  • Continent: Asia
  • Border Countries: Nearby countries are Malaysia in the southwest, Indonesia in the south, Vietnam in the west, and Taiwan, and mainland China to the north. The Philippines shares maritime borders with China, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Palau, Taiwan (ROC), and Vietnam.

Map of Philippines

National Symbols of Philippines

  • National Bird: Philippine Eagle
  • National Anthem: “Lupang Hinirang”
  • National Animal: Philippine Eagle
  • National Flower: sampaguita
  • National Poet: Francisco Balagtas
  • National Game: Arnis