Oman Facts and History

Discover the wonders of Oman!

Flag of Oman
National Flag of Oman

Interesting facts about Oman

  • Official Name: Salṭanat ʿUmān (Sultanate of Oman)
  • Form of Government: monarchy with two advisory bodies (State Council [851]; Consultative Council [86])
  • President: Haitham bin Tariq Al Said
  • Prime Minister: Sultan Qaboos
  • GDP: 76.33 billion USD (2019)
  • Capital: Muscat
  • Population: 4.975 million (2019)
  • Official Languages: Arabic
  • Currency: Omani rial
  • Timezone: GMT+4
  • Area: 309,501 km²
  • Dialing Code: +968
  • Major Mountain Ranges: Jebel Shams
  • Major Rivers: Wadi al Batha,Wadi Halfayn
  • Continent: Asia
  • Border Countries: Oman borders Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen; it shares maritime borders with Iran and Pakistan. The country is bounded by the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman; at the Musandam Peninsula it borders the Strait of Hormuz and the Persian Gulf.

Map of Oman

National Symbols of Oman

  • National Bird: Barbary falcon
  • National Anthem: “as-Salâm as-Solṭâni”
  • National Animal: Arabian oryx
  • National Flower: Jasmine
  • National Poet: Nasser bin Salim al Rawahi
  • National Game: Dhow racing