Niger Facts and History

Discover the wonders of Niger!

Flag of Niger
National Flag of Niger

Interesting facts about Niger

  • Official Name: République du Niger (Republic of Niger)
  • Form of Government: republic with one legislative house (National Assembly [171])
  • President: Mohamed Bazoum
  • Prime Minister: Ouhoumoudou Mahamadou
  • GDP: 12.91 billion USD (2019)
  • Capital: Niamey
  • Population: 23.31 million (2019)
  • Official Languages: French
  • Currency: West African CFA franc
  • Timezone: GMT+1
  • Area: 1.267 million km²
  • Dialing Code: +227
  • Major Mountain Ranges: Agareroum,Todgha,Adrar Tchirelissene
  • Major Rivers: Benue River,Kaduna,Sokoto,Rima River
  • Continent: Africa
  • Border Countries: Niger officially the Republic of Niger is a landlocked country in Western Africa, named after the Niger River. It borders Nigeria and Benin to the south, Burkina Faso and Mali to the west, Algeria and Libya to the north and Chad to the east.

Map of Niger

National Symbols of Niger

  • National Bird: black crowned crane
  • National Anthem: “La Nigérienne”
  • National Animal: dama gazelle
  • National Flower: Costus Spectabilis
  • National Poet: Chinua Achebe
  • National Game: Baseball