Mexico Facts and History

Discover the wonders of Mexico!

Flag of Mexico
National Flag of Mexico

Interesting facts about Mexico

  • Official Name: Estados Unidos Mexicanos (United Mexican States)
  • Form of Government: federal republic with two legislative houses (Senate [128]; Chamber of Deputies [500])
  • President: Andrés Manuel López Obrador
  • Prime Minister: Enrique Peña Nieto
  • GDP: 1.269 trillion USD (2019)
  • Capital: Mexico City
  • Population: 127.6 million (2019)
  • Official Languages: Spanish
  • Currency: Mexican peso
  • Timezone: GMT+5
  • Area: 1.973 million km²
  • Dialing Code: +52
  • Major Mountain Ranges: Picachos,Oaxaca,Picachos
  • Major Rivers: Rio Grande,Usmacinta River,Grijalva
  • Continent: North America
  • Border Countries: Mexico is a country in southern North America, with extensive coastlines on the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific Ocean. In the north there is a 3,169 km (1,969 mi) long border separating Mexico and the United States. Mexico is also bordered by Guatemala, and Belize and it shares maritime borders with Cuba and Honduras.

Map of Mexico

National Symbols of Mexico

  • National Bird: Golden Eagle
  • National Anthem: “Mexicans, at the cry of war”
  • National Animal: Golden eagle
  • National Flower: Dahlia
  • National Poet: Ramón López Velarde
  • National Game: Charrería