Jamaica Facts and History

Discover the wonders of Jamaica!

Flag of Jamaica
National Flag of Jamaica

Interesting facts about Jamaica

  • Official Name: Xaymaca
  • Form of Government: constitutional monarchy with two legislative houses (Senate [211]; House of Representatives [63])
  • President: N/A
  • Prime Minister: Andrew Holness
  • GDP: 16.46 billion USD (2019)
  • Capital: Kingston
  • Population: 2.948 million (2019)
  • Official Languages: English
  • Currency: Jamaican dollar
  • Timezone: GMT-5
  • Area: 10,991 km²
  • Dialing Code: +1
  • Major Mountain Ranges: Blue Mountains,Dry Harbour,John Crow,Mocho
  • Major Rivers: Green Island,Flint River,Great River
  • Continent: North America
  • Border Countries: Jamaica shares maritime borders with the Cayman Islands (UK), Colombia, Cuba, and Haiti. Nearby Caribbean island nations are Dominican Republic and Haiti on the island of Hispaniola, and Puerto Rico.

Map of Jamaica

National Symbols of Jamaica

  • National Bird: Swallow-Tail Hummingbird
  • National Anthem: “Land We Love”
  • National Animal: Trochilus polytmus
  • National Flower: Lignum Vitae
  • National Tree: Blue Mahoe
  • National Poet: N/A
  • National Game: Cricket
  • National Park: Blue and John Crow