Israel Facts and History

Discover the wonders of Israel!

Flag of Israel
National Flag of Israel

Interesting facts about Israel

  • Official Name: Hebrew Medinat Yisraʾel
  • Form of Government: multiparty republic with one legislative house (Knesset [120])
  • President: Reuven Rivlin
  • Prime Minister: Benjamin Netanyahu
  • GDP: 394.7 billion USD (2019)
  • Capital: Jerusalem
  • Population: 9.053 million (2019)
  • Official Languages: Hebrew
  • Currency: Israeli Shekel
  • Timezone: GMT+3
  • Area: 22,145 km²
  • Dialing Code: +972
  • Major Mountain Ranges: Judaean
  • Major Rivers: Hasbani,Bazelet
  • Continent: Middle East
  • Border Countries: Israel is bordered by Lebanon to the north, Syria and Jordan to the east, and Egypt to the south.

Map of Israel

National Symbols of Israel

  • National Bird: Hoopoe
  • National Anthem: “The Hope”
  • National Animal: Hoopoe
  • National Flower: cyclamen
  • National Tree: olive
  • National Museum: The Israel Museum
  • National Poet: Bialik
  • National Game: Football
  • National Mountain: Mount Halhul
  • National Park: masada