Iran Facts and History

Discover the wonders of Iran!

Flag of Iran
National Flag of Iran

Interesting facts about Iran

  • Official Name: Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Form of Government: unitary Islamic republic with one legislative house (Islamic Consultative Assembly [2901])
  • President: Hassan Rouhani
  • Prime Minister: Mohammad-Ali Foroughi
  • GDP: 454 billion USD (2018)
  • Capital: Tehran
  • Population: 82.91 million (2019)
  • Official Languages: Farsī (Persian)
  • Currency: Iranian rial
  • Timezone: GMT+4:30
  • Area: 1.648 million km²
  • Dialing Code: +98
  • Major Mountain Ranges: Mount Bahr Aseman,Karkas,Atash Kuh
  • Major Rivers: Kārūn River
  • Continent: Asia
  • Border Countries: Land. Iran is bounded to the north by Azerbaijan, Armenia, Turkmenistan, and the Caspian Sea, to the east by Pakistan and Afghanistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq.

Map of Iran

National Symbols of Iran

  • National Bird: Common nightingale
  • National Animal: Asiatic Lion
  • National Flower: red rose
  • National Tree: Mediterranean cypress Cupressus
  • National Poet: Ferdowsi
  • National Game: football
  • National Mountain: Mount Damavand
  • National Park: Kavir