Haiti Facts and History

Discover the wonders of Haiti!

Flag of Haiti
National Flag of Haiti

Interesting facts about Haiti

  • Official Name: Republic of Haiti
  • Form of Government: republic with two legislative houses (Senate [30]; Chamber of Deputies [99])
  • President: Jovenel Moïse
  • Prime Minister: Joseph Jouthe
  • GDP: 14.33 billion USD (2019)
  • Capital: Port-au-Prince
  • Population: 11.26 million (2019)
  • Official Languages: Haitian Creole; French
  • Currency: Haitian gourde
  • Timezone: GMT-4
  • Area: 27,750 km²
  • Dialing Code: +509
  • Major Mountain Ranges: Massif du Nord, Montagnes Noires, Chaine de Mateaux, Massif de la Hotte, and Massif de la Selle
  • Major Rivers: Dajabón River,Grande Rivière du Nord,Rivière du Limbè,Les Trois Rivières
  • Continent: North America
  • Border Countries: Haiti is bordered to the east by the Dominican Republic, which covers the rest of Hispaniola, to the south and west by the Caribbean, and to the north by the Atlantic Ocean.

Map of Haiti

National Symbols of Haiti

  • National Bird: Hispaniolan Trogon
  • National Anthem: “La Dessalinienne.”
  • National Animal: Hispaniolan Trogan
  • National Flower: Hibiscus
  • National Tree: Royal palm Roystonea
  • National Museum: Musée du Panthéon
  • National Poet: Oswald Durand
  • National Game: Football
  • National Mountain: Pic Macaya
  • National Park: Macaya