Georgia State Facts and History

Georgia is the 8th-most populous state of the 50 United States and bordered to the north by Tennessee and North Carolina, to the northeast by South Carolina, to the southeast by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by Florida, and to the west by Alabama.

Georgia Quick Facts

  • Current Governor: Brian Kemp (Republican)
  • Capital: Juneau
  • Population:10,617,423 (2019 est.)
  • Residents:
  • Land Area: 57,513.4 sq km
  • Water Area: 1,911.66 sq km
  • Total Area: 59,425.1 SQ KM
  • Width: 230 mi (370 km)
  • Length: 298 mi (480 km)
  • State Motto: “Wisdom, Justice and Moderation”
  • Nickname: Empire State of the South Peach State
  • Electoral votes:
  • Seats in U.S. House of Representatives: 14 (of 435)
  • State Song: “Georgia on My Mind”
  • Date of Statehood: January 2, 1788
  • Time Zone: Eastern (GMT − 5 hours)
  • Official Website of Georgia:
  • State abbreviation/Postal code: GA
  • Origin of name:

Georgia State Slogan

The official state slogan of Georgia:

Wisdom, Justice, Moderation

Flag of Georgia

State Flag of Georgia

Georgia’s new state flag was adopted on May 8, 2003 by Governor Sonny Perdue. The current flag of Georgia consists of a field of three horizontal bars of equal height, two red separated by a white bar in the center.

State Flower of Georgia

State Flower of Georgia

Rosa Laevigata, also known as Cherokee Rose is the official state flower of Georgia. The Georgia Federation of Women’s Clubs named Cherokee Rose as state floral emblem and approved by Governor Nathaniel Harris on Aug. 18, 1916.

State Birds of Georgia

State Birds of Georgia

Brown Thrasher (Toxostoma rufum)  is the state birds fo Georgia. In 1970, Georgia legislature recognized Brown Thrasher as the official state bird.

State Fish of Georgia

State Fish of Georgia

Largemouth Bass (Micropterus salmoides) is the official state fish of Georgia. In 1970, Largemouth Bass was recognized as official state salt water fish and a state cold water game fish

State Vegetable of Georgia

State Vegetable of Georgia

Vidalia Onion is the official state vegetable of Georgia. In 1990, the General Assembly of Georgia designated the Vidalia Onion as the official state vegetable.

State Tree of Georgia

State Tree of Georgia

Southern Live Oak is the official state tree of Georgia. It is also know as Quercus virginiana. Live oak was widely used in early American shipbuilding.

healthy fruits colorful sweet

State Fruit of Georgia

Peach is the official fruit of Georgia. Georgia is known as the “Peach State”. In 1995, peach selected as the state fruit of Georgia. Peaches are famous for its superior flavor, texture and balanced diet.

animal bee bloom blooming

State Insect of Georgia

Honeybee is the official state insect of Georgia. In April 18, 1975, the General Assembly of Georgia approved the Honeybee as the state insect of Georgia.

Map of Georgia

Map of Georgia. Source: Map Collection of Ed Jackson

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