Thailand Facts and History

Discover the wonders of Thailand!

Flag of Thailand
National Flag of Thailand

Interesting facts about Thailand

  • Official Name: Ratcha Anachak Thai (Kingdom of Thailand)
  • Form of Government: constitutional monarchy with a 220-member interim legislature1
  • President: King Vajiralongkorn
  • Prime Minister: Prayuth Chan-ocha
  • GDP: 543.5 billion USD (2019)
  • Capital: Bangkok
  • Population: 69.63 million (2019)
  • Official Languages: Thai
  • Currency: Thai baht
  • Timezone: GMT+7
  • Area: 513,120 km²
  • Dialing Code: +66
  • Major Mountain Ranges: Cardamom Mountains,Chanthaburi,Daen Lao Range
  • Major Rivers: Chao Phraya,Mekong
  • Continent: Asia
  • Border Countries: Thailand shares boundaries with Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, and Myanmar. Although neither China nor Vietnam border Thailand, their territories lie within 100 km of Thai territory. Many parts of Thailand’s boundaries follow natural features, such as the Mekong.

Map of Thailand

National Symbols of Thailand

  • National Bird: Siamese fireback
  • National Anthem: ““Chart Mahachai”
  • National Animal: Elephants
  • National Flower: Golden shower flower
  • National Poet: Phra Sunthonwohan (Phu)
  • National Game: Thai boxing