Somalia Facts and History

Discover the wonders of Somalia!

Flag of Somalia
National Flag of Somalia

Interesting facts about Somalia

  • Official Name: Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka ee Soomaaliya1 (Somali); Jumhūriyyat al-Sūmāl al-Fīdīraliyyah (Arabic) (Federal Republic of Somalia)
  • Form of Government: federal republic2 with two legislative houses (House of the People [275]; Upper House [54])
  • President: Mohamed Abdullahi Farmaajo
  • Prime Minister: Mohamed Hussein Roble2
  • GDP: 917 million USD (1990)
  • Capital: Mogadishu
  • Population: 15.44 million (2019)
  • Official Languages: Somali
  • Currency: Somali shilling
  • Timezone: GMT+3
  • Area: 637,657 km²
  • Dialing Code: +252
  • Major Mountain Ranges: Warraq Mountain,Karkoor,Jifiyo,Hurarka Mountain
  • Major Rivers: Caannoole,Jubba River,Lagh Dera
  • Continent: Africa
  • Border Countries: Somalia is bounded by the Gulf of Aden to the north, by the Indian Ocean to the east, by Kenya and Ethiopia to the west, and by Djibouti to the northwest.

Map of Somalia

National Symbols of Somalia

  • National Bird: Somali sparrow
  • National Anthem: “Soomaaliyeey toosoo”
  • National Animal: Leopard
  • National Flower: King Protea
  • National Poet: Sayyid Mohammed Abdullah Hassan
  • National Game: basketball