Qatar Facts and History

Discover the wonders of Qatar!

Flag of Qatar
National Flag of Qatar

Interesting facts about Qatar

  • Official Name: Dawlat Qaṭar (State of Qatar)
  • Form of Government: constitutional emirate with one advisory body (Advisory Council [351])
  • President: Sheikh Tamim ibn Hamad Al Thani
  • Prime Minister: Abdulaziz Al Thani
  • GDP: 175.8 billion USD (2019)
  • Capital: Doha
  • Population: 2.832 million (2019)
  • Official Languages: Arabic
  • Currency: Qatari Riyal
  • Timezone: GMT+3
  • Area: 11,571 km²
  • Dialing Code: +974
  • Major Mountain Ranges: Ḩazm al Masḩabīyah,Abraq Farhūd,Abū al Qarāqīr
  • Major Rivers: Asmah,Al Banat,Debayan
  • Continent: Asia
  • Border Countries: Qatar has one land border. The country borders Saudi Arabia to the south. The boundary with Saudi Arabia was settled in 1965 but never demarcated. Qatar’s northwest coast is fewer than 30 km (19 mi) from the main islands of Bahrain, while the small Hawar Islands of Bahrain are only 1.4 km (0.8 mi) off that coast.

Map of Qatar

National Symbols of Qatar

  • National Bird: Falcon
  • National Anthem: “as-Salām al-ʾAmīrī”
  • National Animal: Arabian oryx
  • National Flower: Qataf Flower
  • National Poet: N/A
  • National Game: Football