Japan Facts and History

Discover the wonders of Japan!

Flag of Japan
National Flag of Japan

Interesting facts about Japan

  • Official Name: Nihon, or Nippon (Japan)
  • Form of Government: constitutional monarchy with a national Diet consisting of two legislative houses (House of Councillors [242]; House of Representatives [475])
  • President: Shinzō Abe
  • Prime Minister: Suga Yoshihide
  • GDP: 5.082 trillion USD (2019)
  • Capital: Tokyo
  • Population: 126.3 million (2019)
  • Official Languages: Japanese
  • Currency: Japanese yen
  • Timezone: GMT+9
  • Area: 377,915 km²
  • Dialing Code: +81
  • Major Mountain Ranges: Kiso,Mount Fuji.
  • Major Rivers: shinano,Tone River,Ishikari
  • Continent: Asia
  • Border Countries: Japan’s closest neighbors are Korea, Russia and China. The Sea of Japan separates the Asian continent from the Japanese archipelago.

Map of Japan

National Symbols of Japan

  • National Bird: Green Pheasant
  • National Anthem: “Kimigayo”
  • National Animal: Japanese macaque
  • National Flower: cherry blossom
  • National Tree: Japanese Red Cedar Sugi
  • National Poet: Koizumi Yakumo
  • National Game: Sumo
  • National Park: Yakushima National Park