Italy Facts and History

Discover the wonders of Italy!

Flag of Italy
National Flag of Italy

Interesting facts about Italy

  • Official Name: Repubblica Italiana (Italian Republic)
  • Form of Government: republic with two legislative houses (Senate [3221]; Chamber of Deputies [630])
  • President: Sergio Mattarella
  • Prime Minister: Mario Draghi
  • GDP: 2.004 trillion USD (2019)
  • Capital: Rome
  • Population: 60.36 million (2019)
  • Official Languages: Italian
  • Currency: Euro
  • Timezone: GMT+2
  • Area: 301,340 km²
  • Dialing Code: +39
  • Major Mountain Ranges: APENNINES,Dolomites
  • Major Rivers: Acqua Granda,The Reno near Casalecchio
  • Continent: Southern Europe
  • Border Countries: Austria,France,Slovenia,Switzerland shares Italy’s northern border and Campione d’Italia is an Italian exclave in Switzerland.

Map of Italy

National Symbols of Italy

  • National Bird: Italian sparrow
  • National Anthem: “Il Canto degli Italiani”
  • National Animal: wolf
  • National Flower: lily
  • National Tree: strawberry tree
  • National Poet: Dante Alighieri
  • National Game: Football
  • National Park: Gennargentu