Ireland Facts and History

Discover the wonders of Ireland!

Flag of Ireland
National Flag of Ireland

Interesting facts about Ireland

  • Official Name: Éire (Irish); Ireland
  • Form of Government: unitary multiparty republic with two legislative houses (Senate [602]; House of Representatives [158])
  • President: Michael D. Higgins
  • Prime Minister: Micheál Martin
  • GDP: 388.7 billion USD (2019)
  • Capital: Dublin
  • Population: 4.904 million (2019)
  • Official Languages: Irish,English
  • Currency: Euro
  • Timezone: GMT+1
  • Area: 70,273 km²
  • Dialing Code: +353
  • Major Mountain Ranges: Furth,Munro,Real Munro,Hewitt
  • Major Rivers: Shannon,Barrowb,Suir,Blackwater
  • Continent: Northern Europe
  • Border Countries: Ireland–United Kingdom border, sometimes referred to as the Irish border, which separates the Republic of Ireland from Northern Ireland. Ireland shares only maritime borders with the United Kingdom.

Map of Ireland

National Symbols of Ireland

  • National Bird: northern lapwing
  • National Anthem: “Amhrán na bhFiann”
  • National Animal: Wild mammal
  • National Flower: Shamrock
  • National Tree: sessile oak
  • National Museum: Museum of Ireland
  • National Poet: Thomas Moore
  • National Game: Hurling
  • National Mountain: Wicklow Mountains
  • National Park: Connemara